1. What is the biggest, most difficult job you have ever undertaken?
2. Was the task intimidating at first?
3. What led you to finally accept the job?
4. Was it a job you volunteered to do or did someone come looking for you to do it?
5. What was the outcome?
6. Just considering the information we have thus far learned from 1 Samuel, what do we know about David so far? (He is Jesse’s son, he is a shepherd boy, he is youngest in his family, he has been anointed a future king of Israel, he has been chosen to play his musical instrument for Saul when he is disturbed by an evil spirit, and evidently not old enough to be in the army. Perhaps most important, he believes in the God of Israel and trusts Him for deliverance from whatever foe he may face.)
When a person is faithful to God and trusts Him in all situations then that person is available to be used by God to accomplish extraordinary, super human, God anointed feats.
Read 1 Samuel 17:1-30 or tell what happens in these verses.
Remember, when Saul was anointed as King of Israel, there was a strong indication that he was a head taller than anyone else in Israel.
What was David’s brother’s opinion of David?
Confidence in God! Read 1 Samuel 17:31-37
1. How did Saul see David?
2. What gave David confidence that he could defeat Goliath? (God’s faithfulness in the past to deliver him from the lion and bear. It is important to note that although David said God had delivered him, David still honed his skills so he would be ready to be used by God when the right situations presented itself.)
3. Saul questioned David’s experience in battle. How could David’s lack of battle experience have been a disadvantage?
4. How could his lack of experience been an advantage? (David’s approach to the battle with Goliath was under God’s direction not any previous experience.)
5. How can God use our past as a foundation for our future?
6. Has there been a time when you had to convince someone that you had the ability, experience, and confidence to do a particular task?
7. How can a person’s past experiences help him or her succeed in the future? (Do the principles and skills you have learned and developed in your secular job help you in service to God?)
David may have lacked a soldier’s training, but he was an experienced fighter because of his time spent in the wilderness protecting sheep. Equipped with this experience, David displayed a sure confidence in God’s ability to protect him.
When we place our confidence in anything other than God, it leads to defeat. As believers, we should face all challenges with our confidence rightly grounded in the truth of the gospel.
Read 1 Samuel 17:38-41 or share the content of these verses.
Why did David choose smooth stones to use? (There is less wind resistance and they will hit the target with more accuracy.)
False confidence in himself! Read 1 Samuel 17:42-44
1. We’ve seen how David’s brothers viewed David, how the king saw David and now how did Goliath view David?
2. How would you contrast David’s humility and confidence in battle with the pride and arrogance of Goliath?
3. What was Goliath’s “trash talk” against David? (He suggested that David’s staff was nothing more than a stick used to beat a dog. Then he “cursed David by his gods”. This was more than just a fight between two men. It represented a battle between the false gods of the Philistines and the one true God of Israel.)
Every challenge, trial, and problem is an opportunity for God to show Himself strong before the world! (See Prov. 3:26; Phil. 1:6; Heb. 4:16; and 1 John 5:14.)
4. In what items or people do we sometimes place our confidence?
5. What are the limits of each item or person?
6. How do those limits point us to our need to trust in God at all times with all things?
God’s Victory! Read 1 Samuel 17:45-50
1. David gave God the credit for the victory over Goliath. Consider some major successes in your life. How hard or easy was it for you to give God the credit? (Goliath put his confidence in his “dagger, spear, and sword”. David’s confidence rested in “the name of Yahweh, of Hosts, the God of Israel’s armies.”)
Goliath had a false confidence in himself; David had a sure confidence in God; this made all the difference.
It can be an easy trap to want to take all the credit for our victories and successes in life. We must constantly remind ourselves that all we are and have comes from God!
Our relationship with Christ and the role of the Holy Spirit in our life strengthens us for daily living.
Summarize and Challenge!
1. What principles did you glean from the study of David’s encounter with Goliath? (God’s faithfulness to David in the past strengthened David’s dependence upon God in the future.)
2. David used a battle with a giant as an opportunity to make God’s name known in the world. Where and how can we make God’s name known today? (We can be intentional about witnessing; we can be intentional about giving God the credit in our lives, both in the words we speak and in the way we live.)
3. What are some giants you need to face with confidence in God that He will give you the victory?
When we are making God’s name known, it will be part of our activities at home, in the workplace, and where we play. His name is not reserved for Sunday mornings. Look for fresh ways to make God’s name known in your daily conversations this coming week.
A life lived fully committed to Christ is the best witness we can have!
Close with prayer that we will be more committed to live a life of victory through Christ this coming week.